Types of Structural Steel Shapes and When to Use Them


Are you an architect or contractor dealing with steel in your projects?

Most structures rely on some type of steel support, whether it’s to hold up the building or make up a railing. But there are different purposes.

We want to help you navigate the different types of steel and which ones you should pick for your next project. Keep reading for a guide on structural steel shapes and when to use them.

Channel (C-Shaped)

This type of steel is often used in construction and is known for its high strength and durability. It is available in a variety of sizes and can be custom cut to meet the needs of any project.

There are three types of channel C-shaped steel: hot rolled, cold rolled, and hot rolled pickled and oiled. Each with its own specific uses.

Hot Rolled Channel C

This is used for general-purpose structural applications. It is rolled at high temperatures, which gives it good ductility and weldability.

Cold Rolled Channel C

This is used for precise applications such as automotive parts, electrical components, and furniture. It is rolled at lower temperatures, which makes it harder and more precise.

Hot Rolled Pickled and Oiled Channel C

This is used in applications where a smooth surface is required. The pickling process removes the scale from the hot-rolled steel, and the oiling protects it from rust.

Bearing Pile (H-Shaped)

The H-shaped pile has a wide flange at the bottom and a narrow flange at the top. This shape provides greater strength and stability than other types of structural steel shapes.

H-shaped strong bearing piles are ideal for applications where high loads are anticipated, such as in skyscrapers or bridges. H-shaped piles have a “web” in the middle that increases their strength and rigidity.

Bearing piles are most used as foundation piles for large structures. They are also used in retaining walls and slope stabilizations.

Angle (L-Shaped)

L-shaped angles are named for their 90-degree corner and are used in construction. All three types of angle steel shapes can be used in a variety of applications, depending on the thickness of the metal and the desired results.

Angle steel is one of the most versatile and used types of structural steel. It is characterized by its L-shaped cross-section, which is perfect for applications requiring strength and stability.

Angle steel is often used in construction, bridging, farming, and other industrial applications.

Know More About Structural Steel Shapes Now

There are many different types of structural steel shapes available to suit a wide range of applications. Each type has its advantages and disadvantages and so it is important to select the most appropriate type for the particular application.

With so many different types of structural steel available, it is important to consult with a professional engineer to ensure that the most appropriate type is selected for the application.

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