So far in 2022, yields on the benchmark 10-year bond have climbed 107 basis points despite relatively dovish central bank commentaries until the early-May unscheduled increase in policy rates. A basis point is 0.01 percentage point.
“The inter-meeting hike served to un-anchor expectations with respect to tightening in this cycle,” said Suyash Choudhary, head – fixed income,
Bank. “The spike in yields over such a short time shows that the central bank’s message was neither anticipated nor well received by the markets. This constitutes an unnecessarily large cost to the tightening process.”
Jump in 5-year Sovereign Gauge
Yields had climbed 128 basis points until early June in 2009, showed Bloomberg data compiled by ETIG, after the Lehman Brothers bankruptcy plunged the global economy into a sinkhole and marked the start to the greatest recession in world history since the 1929 crisis. The benchmark bond yielded a tad higher at 7.52% Tuesday, the highest level in nearly three-and-a-half years. The Monetary Policy Committee (MPC) of the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) is scheduled to give its latest assessment on rates on Wednesday. The five-year sovereign gauge, meanwhile, climbed 154 basis points since the beginning of the year, marking the sharpest rise in more than two decades. The gauge climbed 52 basis points in 2021. “The markets expect intense rate hikes this year, which in turn is triggering a spurt in yields,” said Madan Sabnavis, chief economist, . “The fear of additional sovereign borrowing, in anticipation of rising subsidy bills, is also weighing on the gsecs.”
Some debt market participants expect the repo rate at 6% in about a year, up from 4.40% now.
Experts also believe that yield differentials along the curve point to increases in both rates and commodity prices. “An anomaly between shorter duration and long term yields reflects market expectations of sustained rate hikes amid a commodity super cycle,” Sabnavis said.